Kolkata Railways

Kolkata is the headquarter of both Eastern and South Eastern Railways and is known to be one of the most profit-making organizations under the Indian Railways. Ranchi Division, Adra Division, Chakradharpur Division and Kharagpur Division are the divisional headquarters of South Eastern Railway. Southeastern Railway is known to be catering to the maximum number of tourist spots in the states of Jharkhand and West Bengal. Presently, Ranchi, Bishnupur, Kolkata and Digha are the leading tourist spots catered by South Eastern Railway.

South Eastern Railway owns the leading finest trains in this region and aptly conducts transportation in these two states.

Kolkata Railways is also the headquarters of Eastern railways, which encompasses 2414 kms. and constitutes the station of Howrah, Sealdah, Malda, Asansol. Formed on 14th April, 1952; it was formed including Howrah, Sealdah, Danapur and Asansol Divisions along with the whole of West Bengal and Nagpur Railway. Present day South Eastern Railway is a part of the erstwhile eastern railway and was formed on 1st August 1955. During the reconstruction phase, the Eastern Railways headquartered at Kolkata was planned to expand and currently, the Eastern Railway is stretched to 4245.61 km. Danapur, Dhanbad and Mughalsarai were separated from Eastern Railway on 1st October 2002, and these stations were included into East Central Railway area.

The Eastern Railway is one of the leading contributors of Indian economy. Apart from encompassing the densely populated areas of eastern India, Kolkata Railways servers the mineral rich, industrial and agriculturally rich regions of West Bengal as well as India. Eastern Railway stretches to the border of Bangladesh up to Lalgola, Kiul and Malda in the North, Gede and Benapole in the East, Namkhana in the South and Jhajha and Asansol in the West. The major workshops of Eastern Railways are at Jamalpur, Liluah and Kanchrapara.


In recent years, 1308 km route of Eastern Kolkata Railways has been designed to make it capable of 25 KV AC traction electrification. From Howrah, the Eastern Railway main line runs for 221 km to Sitarampur; from there, it bifurcates for Delhi, with one via Dhanbad - Gaya and the other via Patna. Both of these lines meet at Mughalsarai Station.

Eastern Railway offers a number of express trains or fast long distance trains in Eastern Railways; one of the most popular one is the Rajdhani Express. The Eastern Railway - Howrah and Sealdah suburban divisions cater to a huge population of Greater Kolkata passengers, except the South Eastern Railway system. Eastern Railway introduced Diesel Multiple Units. The electrified "Routes Mainline Electrical Multiple Units" served passengers in the Non-suburban areas.

Eastern Railway offers a significant amount to the country’s economy. Apart from carrying passengers , it carries a large amount of stones, cements and merchandise and serves a number of oil installations, fertilizer plants and several industrial regions.

The authorized Rail Travel Service Agent (RTSA), of Kolkata Railways caters to the passengers in purchasing tickets and making reservations. Apart from the Sleeper or second class, the service charge for making reservation is Rs. 25/- per passenger. For Second Class or Sleeper class the service charge becomes Rs. 15/- per passenger. For long-distance journey catering services are also available.

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