Mumbai Railways

Mumbai is the headquarter of the Western Railways. The present form of Western Railways stepped into operational work from 5th November, 1951 after merging erstwhile Bombay, Baroda and Central India Railway (BB&CI), with other State Railways viz, Saurashtra, Rajputana and Jaipur. The BB&CI Railway, inaugurated in 1855 with the construction of a 29 mile broad gauge track from Ankleshwar to Utran in Gujarat state on the West Coast. Later in 1864, the railways were extended up to Mumbai.

In due course, the project was extended further beyond Baroda in the northeast towards Godhra, Ratlam, Nagda . Also it was projected northwards towards Mathura to eventually link with the Great India Peninsula Railway, presently known as Central Railway, which came into existence in Mumbai in 1853. Under the direct supervision of Central Railway, a Meter Gauge Railway System initially linking Delhi with Agra, Jaipur and Ajmer, was set up in 1883.

Although the Government of India embraced the responsibility of BB&CI from 1942, yet with the inauguration of the Western railways, the jurisdictional power was affected. Presently the gauge-wide kilometerage of Western Railways headquartered at Mumbai is the following.

Broad Gauge 4263.23 kms.
Metre Gauge 1531.26 kms.
Narrow Gauge 684.35 kms.
TOTAL 6478.84 kms.

Today, Western Railways encompass entire Gujarat, and partly, Rajasthan as well as Madhya Pradesh. Comprising of six divisions, Mumbai, Vadodara, Ahmedabad, Ratlam, Rajkot and Bhavnagar initially, two divisions of Jaipur and Ajmer were merged with North West Railway on 1st October, 2002 and Kota region became the part of West Central Railway.

Mumbai Suburban Railway Network is an important part of Western Railways. It extends from Church gate, the city’s business center to Virar encompassing a distance of 60 Kms and 28 stations. Later the railway gauge was extended to Dahanu Road up to 60 kms adding 10 more stations between Colaba and Andheri.

The first Subabban Service was introduced in Mumbai in 1867 with a steam engine, each running two way between Grant Road and Bassien Road. By 1900, the railway gauge was improved with each carrying over one million passenger annually.

Today, of 14 million people travelling per day by the Indian Railways, more than 6 million people travel per day on Mumbai Suburban section alone. Amongst the 2700 plus services operated in Mumbai today, 1210 services include 753 twelve car services and one 15 car service are run by Western Railway with a phenomenal frequency of 3 minutes during peak hours. Western Railway carries more than 3 million passengers per day as per the current statistics.

The oldest railway gauge, the Western Railways headquartered in Mumbai is revered as the first in the whole world to bring an exclusive Ladies special train between the stations Church gate and Virar.

Mumbai Railways leads in pioneering the implementation of the state-of-the-art “Train Management System over its suburban section till Virar. TMS gives real time in the creation of train movement to commuters. Today Mumbai Railways is an important part of the Western Railways, which comes under direct supervision of the Central Railways, India.

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